Buddhist Mahabodhi Bihar India Bodh Gaya

Top 5 Historical Places in Bihar to Visit

5 Beautiful Places in Bihar Where you love to Visit once in Life

Get here the top 5 historical places of Bihar where you can plan to visit and enjoy yourself with friends and family. Book car online in Patna and plan to visit these beautiful places. You can also book bus online to in-group.  We have shared the top 10 historical places’ names and about them. I hope you would love to visit there on your next trip

1. Golghar, Patna Zoo and Taramandal (Patna)

Golghar –  The Golghar or Gol Ghar (गोलघर), (“Round House”) is a large granary located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna, capital of Bihar state, India.

According to a contemporary inscription at its base, the Golghar in Patna was intended to be just the first of a series of huge grain stores. In the end, however, no others were ever built. The granary was “part of a general plan … for the perpetual prevention of famine in these provinces”[1] ordered in 1784 by Warren Hastings, the then Governor-General of India.

The beehive-shaped structure was designed by Captain John Garstin of the Bengal Engineers, part of the East India Company’s Bengal Army. Its construction was completed on 20 July 1786. For more visit Wikipedia

Golghar Patna

 

Patna Zoo (Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan) – 

Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan (also known as Sanjay Gandhi Botanical and Zoological Garden or Patna Zoo) is located off Bailey Road in Patna, Bihar, India. The park was opened to the public as a zoo in 1973. The park is Patna’s most frequented picnic spot, with more than 36,000 visitors on New Year’s Day alone in 2011

The park was first established as a botanical garden in 1969. The then Governor of Bihar, Sri Nityanand Kanungo, provided almost 34 acres (14 ha) of land from the Governor House campus for the garden. In 1972, Public Works added 58.2 acres (23.6 ha) to this, and the Revenue Department transferred 60.75 acres (24.58 ha) to the Forest Department to help expand the park.

Since 1973, this park has been a biological park, combining a botanical garden with a zoo. The land acquired from the Public Works Department and the Revenue Department was declared protected forest by the state government on 8 March 1983. For more visit-  Wikipedia

Patna Zoo

Taramandal Patna- Indira Gandhi Planetarium (Hindi: इंदिरा गाँधी तारामंडल) is located in Patna’s Indira Gandhi Science Complex. The planetarium was constructed through Bihar Council on Science & Technology at a total cost of about ₹11 Crores. It was conceptualized in 1989 by Bihar Chief Minister Shri Satyendra Narain Sinha with construction commencing in the same year and opened for the public from 1 April 1993. It is named after senior Indian National Congress leader and former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi.

The Patna Planetarium is one of the largest planetariums in Asia. It attracts many domestic as well as foreign tourists. The planetarium has regular film shows on subjects related to astronomy. It also holds exhibitions, which attract many visitors. For more visit – Wikipedia

Patna Taramandal

2. Mahabodhi Temple, Vishnupad Mandir, Bodhi Tree in Bodh (Gaya Bihar)

The Mahabodhi Temple (literally: “Great Awakening Temple”) or the Mahabodhi Mahavihar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an ancient, but much rebuilt and restored, a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment. Bodh Gaya (in Gaya district) is about 96 km (60 mi) from Patna, Bihar state, India.

The site contains a descendant of the Bodhi Tree under which Buddha gained enlightenment and has been a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus and Buddhists for well over two thousand years, and some elements probably date to the period of Ashoka (died c. 232 BCE). What is now visible on the ground essentially dates from the 7th century CE, or perhaps somewhat earlier, as well as several major restorations since the 19th century. But the structure now may well incorporate large parts of earlier work, possibly from the 2nd or 3rd century CE.

Many of the oldest sculptural elements have been moved to the museum beside the temple, and some, such as the carved stone railing wall around the main structure, have been replaced by replicas. The main temple’s survival is especially impressive, as it was mostly made of brick covered with stucco, materials that are much less durable than stone. However, it is understood that very little of the original sculptural decoration has survived.

The temple complex includes two large straight-sided shikhara towers, the largest over 55 meters (180 feet) high. This is a stylistic feature that has continued in Jain and Hindu temples to the present day, and influenced Buddhist architecture in other countries, in forms like the pagoda. For more visit – Wikipedia

Vishwa Shanti Stupa

Vishnupad Mandir – Vishnupada Mandir is an ancient temple in Gaya, India. It is a Hindu temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu.

This temple is located along the Falgu River, marked by a footprint of Lord Vishnu known as Dharmasila, incised into a block of basalt. Atop the structure is a 50-kilo gold flag, donated by a devotee, Gayapal Panda Bal Govind Sen.

The Brahma mythy Brahmans were the traditional priest of the temple in ancient times. Now the Brahamkalpit Brahman who is known as Gayawal Tirth Purohit or Panda is the priests. Several legendary saints as Ramanujacharya, Madhvacharya, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and Ramakrishna have visited this shrine. For more visit – Wikipedia

vishnupad temple

3. Buddha Temple Rajgir – Jarasandh Akhara in Rajgir, Griddhakuta Peak, Swarna Bhandar

Vishwa Shanti Stupa – Rajgir (historically known as Girivraj) is an ancient city and a notified area in Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar. The city of Rajgir (ancient Rājagṛha; Pali: Rājagaha) was the first capital of the kingdom of Magadha, a state that would eventually evolve into the Mauryan Empire. The city finds mention in India’s greatest literary epic, the Mahabharata, through its king Jarasandha. Its date of origin is unknown, although ceramics dating to about 1000 BC have been found in the city. The famous 2,500-year-old Cyclopean Wall (Cyclopean masonry) is located in the city.

This area is also notable in Jainism and Buddhism. It was the birthplace of the 20th Jain Tirthankar Munisuvrata and is closely associated with the Arihant Mahavira and Gautama Buddha. Both Lord Mahavira and Lord Buddha taught their beliefs in Rajgir during the 6th and 5th centuries BC. The ancient Nalanda university was located in the vicinity of Rajgir, and the contemporary Nalanda University named after it was founded in 2010 at Rajgir. It was also through Rajgir that the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka traveled to Bodh Gaya around 250 BC when placing the diamond throne (Vajrasana) at the great temple where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. For more visit- Wikipedia

Vishwa Shanti Stupa

Jarasandh Akhara in Rajgir –  Magadh’s great majestic king Jarasandha’s capital was Grivarj which is known today by the name of Rajgir. According to the Mahabharata, this is where Bhima fought Jarasandha and Bhima rips apart Jarasandha’s body into two and threw in two opposite directions to prevent it from re-joining and hence successfully killing Jarasandha in the process.

Jarasandha Akhara

4. Nalanda University

Nalanda was an ancient Mahavihara, a revered Buddhist monastery which also served as a renowned center of learning, in the ancient kingdom of Magadha (modern-day Bihar) in India. The ancient university of Nalanda obtained significant fame, prestige, and relevance during ancient times, and rose to legendary status due to its contribution to the emergence of India as a great power around the fourth century. The site is located about 95 kilometers (59 mi) southeast of Patna near the city of Bihar Sharif and was one of the greatest centers of learning from the fifth century CE to c. 1200 CE. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The highly formalized methods of Vedic scholarship helped inspire the establishment of large teaching institutions such as Taxila, Nalanda, and Vikramashila,[9] which are often characterized as India’s early universities. Nalanda flourished under the patronage of the Gupta Empire in the 5th and 6th centuries, and later under Harsha, the emperor of Kannauj. The liberal cultural traditions inherited from the Gupta age resulted in a period of growth and prosperity until the ninth century CE. The subsequent centuries were a time of gradual decline, a period during which the tantric developments of Buddhism became most pronounced in eastern India under the Pala Empire.

At its peak, the school attracted scholars and students from near and far, with some traveling from Tibet, China, Korea, and Central Asia. Archaeological evidence also notes contact with the Shailendra dynasty of Indonesia, one of whose kings built a monastery in the complex.

Much of our knowledge of Nalanda comes from the writings of pilgrim monks from Asia, such as Xuanzang and Yijing, who traveled to the Mahavihara in the 7th century CE. Vincent Smith remarked that “a detailed history of Nalanda would be a history of Mahayanist Buddhism.” Many of the names listed by Xuanzang in his travelogue as alumni of Nalanda are the names of those who developed the overall philosophy of Mahayana. All students at Nalanda studied Mahayana, as well as the texts of the eighteen (Hinayana) sects of Buddhism. Their curriculum also included other subjects, such as the Vedas, logic, Sanskrit grammar, medicine, and Samkhya. For more visit – Wikipedia 

Nalanda University

5. Tomb of Sher Shah Suri (Sasaram)

The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar state, India. The tomb was built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire and founded the Suri Empire in northern India. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on the 10th day of Rabi’ al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD.

His tomb is an example of Indo-Islamic architecture, it was designed by the architect Mir Muhammad Aliwal Khan and built between 1540 and 1545, this red sandstone mausoleum (122 ft high), which stands in the middle of an artificial lake, which is nearly square, is known as the second Taj Mahal of India. The tomb stands at the center of the lake on a square stone plinth with domed kiosks, chhatris at each of its corners, further, there are stone banks and stepped moorings on all sides of the plinth, which is connected to the mainland through a wide stone bridge. The main tomb is built on an octagonal plan, topped by a dome, 22-metre in span, and surrounded ornamental domed kiosks which were once covered in colored glazed tile work. The lake around the tomb is seen as a development in the Afghan phase of Sultan architecture by the Sur Dynasty.

The tomb was built during the lifetime of Sher Shah as well as the reign of his son Islam Shah. An inscription dates its completion to 16 August 1545, three months after the death of Sher Shah.  For more visit – Wikipedia

Sher Shah Tomb

There are many other historical places in Bihar where you can visit and enjoy it.  I hope you like this post.

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